Antibiotic use on crops in low and middle-income countries based on recommendations made by agricultural advisors

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Antibiotic use on crops in low and middle-income countries based on recommendations made by agricultural advisors

An alarming increase in the rate of antibiotic resistance (ABR) is of international concern. The consumption of antibiotics in human and animal health is relatively well documented. However, there is lack of data on antibiotic use in the crop production. A study carried out by Philip Taylor & Robert Reeder (CABI’s science centre at Egham, UK) made an important contribution in the analysis of antibiotic usage specifically in the crop health. The study used Plantwise Online Management System (POMS) as the information source and analysed data from the 32 countries including India (South East Asia region) during the period 2012 -October 2018. They investigated scale and diversity of recommended antibiotics to regulate crop health problems in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). The study revealed that almost all the regions of the world are frequently using antibiotics in the crop production as a prophylaxis to prevent and regulate bacterial disease. The study also states that, antibiotics are recommended on more than 100 crops, but they are mainly used in the rice farms. As per the reports in 2018, India is the second largest producer of rice. Therefore, rice farms could be one of the major contributors in increasing ABR in India.

ABR is considered as a “One Health subject”. Both the cause and solution of ABR are directly linked with the interactions between humans, animals, and the environment, thus must be addressed at all the three sectors globally. Thus, the data generated through the study can be used for the development of effective regulation strategies for the agricultural sector in
India and other LMICs to avoid emergence and spread of ABR from environment to human
and animal.
To read more:
https://cabiagbio.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s43170-020-00001-y