Contamination of Fresh Produce with Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria and Associated Risks to Human Health: A Scoping Review

Daily intake of fruits and vegetables is necessary to fulfil the daily requirements of vitamins and minerals for human body. But, consuming them raw exposes us to many bacteria including the resistant ones. Different genera of drug resistant bacteria were identified from raw vegetables and fruits, the most common being…

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Emergence of Methicillin Resistance Predates the Clinical Use of Antibiotics

Antibiotic resistance is an ancient phenomenon common in environmental bacteria, however resistance in human pathogen is the unpredicted modern phenomenon which is a result of overuse and misuse of antibiotics. One of the most common antibiotic resistant bacteria is Methicillin-resistant S. aureus. It is the major cause of over 1,71,000…

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Effect on Antimicrobial Resistance of a Policy Restricting Over-the-Counter Antimicrobial Sales in a Large Metropolitan Area, São Paulo, Brazil

It is a well-established fact that misuse of antibiotics is the prime factor accelerating the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance. To counteract this, the World Health Organisation recommends restricting Over the Counter (OTC) antibiotic sales globally. Many policies are in place for regulating OTC sales, especially in low- and…

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The Usage of Antibiotics by COVID-19 Patients with Comorbidities: The Risk of Increased Antimicrobial Resistance

The use of antibiotics in healthcare settings is very common and it is more critical in a conditions like intensive care unit or in case of immunocompromised patients. The physicians need to prescribe the antibiotics sometimes to treat the primary bacterial infection/s or at times to avoid any secondary condition.…

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Distribution of Pathogens and Antimicrobial Resistance in ICU Bloodstream Infections During Hospitalization: A Nationwide Surveillance Study

Intensive care unit acquired bloodstream infection (ICU-BSI) is a prevalent healthcare-associated infection and is related to high mortality. Thus, it becomes very important to examine the length of hospital stays and its impact on ICU-BSI epidemiology. In this direction, a recent study tried to run a nation-wise observational study on…

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The Incidence of Antibiotic Resistance Within and Beyond The Agricultural Ecosystem: A Concern for Public Health

The agricultural ecosystem creates a platform for the development and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance, which is promoted by the indiscriminate use of antibiotics in the veterinary, agricultural, and medical sectors. This has resulted in the antimicrobial resistance within the aquaculture‐animal‐manure‐soil‐water‐plant nexus. The possible transmission routes between the various niches of…

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