Drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is a cause of concern in hospitals, due to a range of acute infections caused by the organism. Some risk factors associated with K. pneumoniae infections are gender, age, hospitalization status, source of domestic water (river, rain, well, bottled, piped, boiled), companion animals (cats, dogs, birds), livestock (chicken, ducks, pigs, cow or water buffalo), malnutrition, co-morbidity and the use and misuse of detergents and antiseptics. The current review shows that antimicrobial resistance in K. pneumoniae is a clear and present danger in Asia. A strong surveillance system is the need of the hour to curb the problem.
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