Antibiotic resistance is a public health threat of the utmost importance, especially when it comes to children: according to WHO data, infections caused by multidrug resistant bacteria produce 700,000 deaths across all ages, of which around 200,000 are newborns. This surging issue has multipronged roots that are specific to the paediatric age. For instance, the problematic overuse and misuse of antibiotics (for wrong diagnoses and indications, or at wrong dosage) are also fuelled by the lack of paediatric-specific data and trials. Emerging threats for the paediatric age are MRSA, VRSA, ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and the alarming colistin resistance. Urgent actions need to be taken to step back from a now likely post-antibiotic era, where simple infections might cause infant death once again.
To read more, please visit the website of MDPI journal: https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6382/10/4/393